Opps! If you are at this stage of the process, something has gone bad. At sentencing, the facts are known to the judge. The verdict is of the jury is known to the judge. If the defendant is found guilty, the presumption of innocence which was held by the defendant during the trial is no longer present.
The state will present any matters in aggravation and perhaps make a recommendation of a sentence. The judge will then hear from the defense in a similar way and matters in extenuation and mitigation may be presented in an effort to keep the sentence imposed upon the defendant less severe. Then sentence will be passed.
First time DUI cases, standing alone would be a misdemeanor. Misdemeanors are punishable by imprisonment for 12 months, a fine of up to one thousand dollars or both. Most cases do not involve sentences that high, but it is lawful for a judge to go that high. Remember too that any underlying charges like speeding, failure to signal a turn, etc are all misdemeanors as well and sentences will be imposed for those as well if found guilty of them. That's just what the judge can sentence a person found guilty of DUI. But that is not the end of it. There are “collateral consequences”
The Georgia Department of Driver Services will suspend your driver's license if convicted. Your insurance may be cancelled. You may be fired from work, particularly if your duties require driving on behalf of your employer because more and more insurance policies will not cover DUI-convicted employees. There can be immigration and travel consequences and many others that will be covered in other pages of this website. DUI is one of several over-punished offenses in my opinion.